This free ESL lesson plan on love has been designed for adults and young adults at an intermediate (B1/B2) to advanced (C1/C2) level and should last around 45 to 60 minutes for one student.
For some people, love is the sweetest thing, for others, it conquers all. But what actually is love? Are there different kinds of love? Is it just a strong attraction to someone? Is it anything more than just a chemical reaction in the brain? In this ESL lesson plan on love, students will have the opportunity discuss and express their opinions on issues such as what love means, how to define true love and romance.
This lesson plan could also be used with your students to debate these issues for Valentine’s Day, which takes place in February. For more lesson plans on international days and important holidays, see the calendar of world days to plan your classes for these special occasions.
For advice on how to use this English lesson plan and other lesson plans on this site, see the guide for ESL teachers.
Before the English class, send the following article to the students and ask them to read it while making a list of any new vocabulary or phrases they find (explain any the students don’t understand in the class):
The Conversation | “What is love?”
The article talks about love from a scientific, psychological and evolutionary point of view in an effort to answer the question ‘what is love?’ At the start of the class, hold a brief discussion about what the students thought about the article. What do they think about the issues raised in the article? Do they agree with what was written? Can they think of any ways they might disagree with the content of the article?
To save time in class for the conversation activities, the English teacher can ask the students to watch the video below and answer the listening questions in Section 3 of the lesson plan at home. There are intermediate listening questions and advanced listening questions so teachers can decide which would be more appropriate for their students. Check the answers in the class.
The video for this class is called “History of Valentine’s Day” by History which gives a brief history of Valentine’s Day from its pagan origins to the commercial holiday we know today.
The focus in the class is on conversation in order to help improve students’ fluency and confidence when speaking in English as well as boosting their vocabulary.
This lesson opens with a short discussion about the article the students read before the class. Next, the students can give their opinion on the quote at the beginning of the lesson plan – what they think the quote means and if they agree with it. This is followed by an initial discussion on the topic including the definition of love, what is considered romantic and what they think about Valentine’s Day.
After this, students will learn some vocabulary connected with love such as love at first sight, broken heart and soulmate. This vocabulary has been chosen to boost the students’ knowledge of less common vocabulary that could be useful for preparing for English exams like IELTS or TOEFL. The vocabulary is accompanied by a cloze activity and a speaking activity to test the students’ comprehension of these words.
If the students didn’t watch the video before the class, they can watch it after the vocabulary section and answer the listening questions. Before checking the answers, ask the students to give a brief summary of the video and what they thought about the content.
Finally, there is a more in-depth conversation about love. In this speaking activity, students will talk about issues such as why people fall in love, the difference between love and attraction and whether we should love everyone.
After the class, students will write about their opinion of love. This could be a short paragraph or a longer piece of writing depending on what level the student is at. The writing activity is designed to allow students to practise and improve their grammar with the feedback from their teacher. For students who intend to take an international English exam such as IELTS or TOEFL, there is an alternative essay question to practise their essay-writing skills.